2020年12月16日 11:14 AM #20968Charlie Gebelゲスト
The Three Orders
Feudal Society Imagined
by Georges Duby, Arthur Goldhammer, Thomas N. Bisson
- Publisher: University of Chicago Press
- Language: english
- Author: Georges Duby, Arthur Goldhammer, Thomas N. Bisson
- Format: paperback, 392 pages
- ISBN: 9780226167725 (0226167720)
- Genres: history, medieval, france, academic
- Release date: December 15, 1982
About The Book
In The Three Orders, prominent Annales historian Georges Duby offers a tripartite construct of medieval French society, a construct which depicts men separating themselves hierarchically into those who pray, those who fight, and those who work. He considers how this medieval theory of orders originated, discusses its complex history, and shows how different interests — cultural, political, and economic — were involved in its creation and use. The Three Orders shows how the tripartite schema come to occupy a central position in social thought and clarifies the manner in which feudal society viewed itself.
The book begins with a brief examination of a popular early seventh-century treatise on the “three estates” of France. Duby then jumps abruptly back to the period in which the notion that French society was divided into three estates was born. It was the bishops of a tottering Capetian state who drew upon older imaginings of hierarchical order to project a new rationale for royal power and peasant subservience; their ternary scheme collapsed with the monarchy itself, to be resuscitated in the twelfth century, when the maturing of feudal-vassalic institutions and the conflict between Capetians and Plantagenets contributed to a definitive restoration of monarchical trifunctionality. In tracing the fortunes of the three orders, Duby shows how the tripartite schema came to occupy a central position in social thought and clarifies the manner in which feudal society viewed itself.
Praise for The Three Orders:
“The Three Orders is a brilliant book, superbly reflecting the author’s special scholarly style and remarkableintellectual power….To the best of my knowledge, there is no scholarly work which, taken as a whole, even remotely resembles it.” —Professor Robert Benson, UCLA
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